tv BBC World News America PBS April 1, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
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families, couples, friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." jane: this is "bbc world news america." caught in the conflict, a bombing campaign against rebels in yemen has left many refugees trapped in a humanitarian crisis. come here to get a food voucher, it is supposed to be enough to eat a family for a month, but many here tell us they need a lot more help. >> an overpass collapse kills more than 20 people. now anger is building over how it could have happened.
and planned before his death -- the tribute concert david bowie was supposed to attend. stars celebrate his life and love of new york. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. it is sometimes called the forgotten conflict, but tonight, we start our broadcast with a look at the deepening humanitarian crisis in yemen were over 80% of the population is in need of aid. it comes a year after saudi arabia, backed by the united states, began a bombing campaign in yemen against rebels who had toppled the country president. a warning, this report does contain distressinimages.
reporter: the ancient city cradled by mountains where a year of war has cast a long shadow. marwan 10 months old weakened by hunger. the united nations says the risk of severe malnutrition has doubled in just 12 months. the threat of famine now looms over half the country. here in the capital, the queue for aid from the world food program. have soared because of a saudi blockade, a choke on a country that imports 90% of its food. the temperature is rising here, and tempers are fraying. when they come here is a food voucher. it is supposed to be enough to feed a family for a month, but many here are telling us they need a lot more help. and hern just said she family, including her children,
are living on beans and bread. then there is this -- the impact on yemen's schools. more than 1000 are reported to have been damaged or destroyed. the principle of this school hit three times by the saudi coalition. half the classrooms were demolished, but no pupils were present at the time. besteachers carry on as they can. this is fourth grade math. but these 10-year-olds have already learned hard lessons about war and loss. "i'm scared they will target our house and our friends houses and the whole village." even before the bombing began, yemen was the arab world toss poorest country. some believe that has been set
by decades. the united nations says this is a forgotten conflict, partly because yemenis cannot easily flee to europe. afraid there is a link. i see that the international community, particularly europe, garnered much more support and predilection because the syrians and iraqis are now coming to europe. if the yemenis were put through the same, i'm sure there would be more attention. reporter: but there has been precious little attention for victims like 14-year-old mohammed. an airstrike hit his neighborhood as he slept. "there was a burst of fire and i .tarted screaming, he says "my grandfather was killed and two of my uncles.
by god's will, we will soon get revenge on the enemy." more peace talks are coming, but too late for mohammed. he will carry the terrible scars of this war for the rest of his life. situationmore on the on the ground, i spoke a brief the former u.s. ambassador to yemen. thank you very much for joining me. is the impact of this humanitarian crisis on stability ? the region >> i think it is terribly destabilizing. the evidence we are seeing now with yemenis needing humanitarian assistance and 6000 casualties in the war just illustrates the dimensions of the crisis we face. i think hopefully as soon as the negotiations can come to fruition, and we hope that will be the case, we can begin the gigantic task of reconstruction, rebuilding, and itching together
the fabric of yemen. jane: i want to talk about this negotiations shortly, but when we look at the pictures in the report we just seen of children suffering, it raises questions about the nature of this conflict. do you think the u.s. should be having second thoughts about backing the saudi campaign in yemen? >> i think the u.s. is having second thoughts and trying to bring this to an end supporting the efforts that the saudi's and others are making to make sure these talks and cease-fires will succeed. i do think the u.s. runs a serious reputational risk at the moment, and the u.s. is very much aware of that. president obama is after saudi arabia later this year for a summit. how hard you think the consequences will be? >> i think it is one of the most important topics he takes up with the king and other matters of the coalition. he will want to try to bring this to a close.
there is no reason why we believe the saudi's and hutus cannot come to terms. jane: bear in mind, we have had a series of peace talks since this conflict has been going on. what makes you think this round will be any more successful? >> the big difference now is that the saudi's and who these have been in direct talks. they have achieved some good, encouraging results. they have a cease-fire along the border that cross-border incursions have stopped. the saudi's have stopped their airstrikes. they have had a prisoner exchange and talk of some de-mining, so there is a sense confidence that they have seized the opportunity to begin to get things done. what about terrorism?
the u.s. says it wants to defeat al qaeda in the arabian peninsula. is there any evidence that has been achieved? >> not at all. this has been one of the big deficiencies in the war so far, that we have ignored al qaeda threat. i think what we are seeing now is as there starts to become some settlement efforts, energies will be devoted more to moving against al qaeda and the isis. i think there is a real sense of urgency building around this, and we are seeing forces this.ed around still very compensated situation on the ground. thank you for joining us. indian police have detained five officials from the construction firm that built the overpass in calcutta which collapsed, killing 24 people and injuring more than 80.
rescuers with cranes and jackhammers are still struggling to clear the concrete slabs and girders which came crashing down on vehicles and pedestrians. >> the last of the rubble has been cleared. no more bodies are expected to be found. >> everything is being moved to ensure there's no more dead bodies under the debris. >> i'm standing right in the middle of the crossroads where this terrible tragedy happen. look at the scale of the structure that came crashing down, and remember, this is one of the busiest areas of one of the busiest cities in india, and it happened at midday, one of the busiest times of day. >> is more twisted steel and shattered concrete is loaded
onto trucks, there's growing anger here in calcutta. people want to know why what -- fairlye been a bit straightforward construction project in to do terrible disaster. >> everyone is not ready to see the area. we do not know when it will complete. >> with state elections just days away, it has become a huge political issue, not just here, but across india as well. people are asking why a construction company that had been blacklisted by other indian states was still in charge. was the long-delayed project being rushed under pressure from local politicians? did the company cut corners -- cut corners? meanwhile, what remains of the overpass reflect the atmosphere of the city itself. two great arms of steel twisted
and slumped as if abandoned to grief. jane: a look now at other news from around the world. president jacob zuma of south africa says he will abide by the ruling of the countries highest court that he should pay back some of the public money spent on his home. the court said he had failed to uphold the constitution by ignoring the findings of an official anticorruption watchdog. mr. zuma apologize for the confusion caused by his actions but insisted he had not behaved dishonestly. the u.s. military says it ofrted training dozens opposition fighters. this appears to be a revival of a program that ended in failure last year. the pentagon says training for the new recruits in the revived program will include instruction in how to identify target for airstrikes.
in the battle against islamic state, one of the biggest fears is that fighters or other militant groups will get their hands on nuclear material. that was the main topic at a security summit in washington today where president obama issued this stark warning. nosident obama: there's doubt that if these madmen ever got their hands on a nuclear bomb or nuclear material, they most certainly would use it to kill as many innocent people as possible. here remainsr work so critical. the single most effective defense against nuclear terrorism is fully securing this material so it does not fall in the wrong hands in the first place. jane: for more on what is being accomplished at the summit, i thee a brief time ago with u.s. under secretary of state for arms control and international security. thank you very much indeed for joining me. we heard the president talking in very stark terms about what
could happen if nuclear material gets into the wrong hands. where did you see the biggest threat of this happening right now? are many countries around the world who have actually linked arms with us in order to make it possible to ensure that nuclear materials do not get into the wrong hands, and some places that we have been concerned about in past have really in the course of this nuclear securities summit series done a tremendous amount to raise national awareness and also raise the training andonal procedure with regard to nuclear security. there are many places in the world where this could be a concern, but the point i would really like to stress is this summit has given us a lot of momentum in improving our defenses against this terrible threat. do you do when nuclear material is already in suchands of rogue nations,
as north korea? >> north korea has clearly been on a tear lately, and it has been very concerning to all of us that they started 2016 with a nuclear test and have proceeded since to test very advanced missiles. we are very concerned about north korea, and that's why the entire world community has joined together to put in place through theanctions last few security council resolutions. we will continue to work that problem in two ways -- keep that pressure on the sanctions side but also work very hard to ensure that our allies and partners in the region, the republic of korea, japan, are firmly defended from threat from p.r. pyongyang. we have to work it in both ways, and so we will. this the big actor not at summit is russia. can you achieve anything concrete without russia at the
table? >> the very interesting facet of this conundrum is that russia continues to work with us quite seriousa number of nuclear security problems. for example, they took the highly enriched uranium out of iran pursuant to the joint comprehensive plan of action. they have worked with us newinually to implement the treaty to reduce and eliminate nuclear weapons systems. infind that russia in day /day out terms continues to work with us quite well. it's a bit of a puzzle why they decided not to come to this summit, but it's a good question to ask of them. jane: next time perhaps. thank you for joining me. still to come on tonight's program, 40 years after apple was founded, we hear from the first partner, whom you probably never heard of, who sold his shares for a pittance.
shifted when it comes to the global -- the delicate balance of global nutrition. a new expert says there are now more obese adults around the world than there are those who are underweight. >> this could be one part of winning the battle of the bulge, the struggle to control weight and improve health. is a personal trainer working with those who might feel inhibited going to a gym. she has her own weight challenges and knows all about the obstacles to shedding the pounds. >> i'm big now, probably much bigger, and i went to a variety of classes and just could not keep up. i injured myself. i had a poor experience. felt singled out and i uncomfortable, but my class is hopefully for everyone.
in 1975, 3 .2% of men were obese. had more than tripled. 6.4% of women were obese in 1975. it was nearly 15% by 2014. exercise and personal responsibility clearly have an important part to play in tackling the weight issue, but there is an increasing opus now on the role of food and drink companies and if they should be doing more with what they offer to help consumers cut the calories. but many said it was really down to us. >> very difficult, but people have to make a change themselves. cannot always blame the government. >> grow up. eating crisps and all the rest of it, it's going to be very difficult to get out of that circle. >> while many are working to control their weight, there is clearly a lot more heavy lifting needed to avoid the obesity epidemic.
jane: 40 years ago today, three young men founded a computer company in an apartment in mountain view, california. than, apple is worth more $600 billion. while you are familiar with steve jobs and maybe even steve wozniak, there is a reason that ronald wayne is hardly a household name. the man behind the famous logo sold his stake in the company early on for just a few hundred dollars. bbc went to speak with him and learn more about one of the most expensive decisions in history. >> ronald g. wayne. born may 17, 1934 in the midst of the great depression. jobs had this focus.
once he got an idea in his head, that was it. you never wanted to be between him and where he wanted to go. you would wind up with footprints on your four head. this is the contract i .ersonally typed up i was somewhat more diplomatic than he was. there was a problem he was having at that time with steve wozniak. i said we would sit down and chat. it took me less than an hour to get him to understand, no, you cannot do it that way for a business enterprise. ok, fine, he bought into it and understood. at that moment, steve jobs says we are going to form a company. 12 days later, i went down to the registrar's office and had my name taken off the contract.
and the company goes proof -- poof, we are individually liable for the debts of the company. jobsand was in the act -- and wozniack did not have two nichols to rub together. , and i house and a car was reachable. some months later, i get a check in the mail or $1500. it says all i have to do is sign away any possible interest i can have in the apple computer company and the check is mine. well, i figured that i had already done that. as far as i was concerned, it was found money, so i went ahead and signed. >> i think people will watch , you must often
think what could have been. do you? >> i would have wound up heading a very large documentation department at the back of the building shoveling papers for the next 20 years of my life, and that was not the future i saw myself. find something that you enjoy doing so much the you would be willing to do it for nothing and you will never work a day in your life. jane: surprisingly good advice indeed. in an update to a story we brought you earlier this week, a british man who posted an extraordinary photograph with the hijacker of an egypt air flight has revealed what happened on board. in an exclusive interview, he said he and his fellow passengers discussed how best to handle the man who said he was
wearing a suicide belt. the flight was never did to cyprus on tuesday where the alleged hijacker was arrested and the suicide belt was found to be fake. >> i also wanted to get a closer look at this bomb, see if i could see -- i got no expertise in that field, but, you know, there might have then a telltale sign it was fake or real, and i wanted to try to assure myself one way or the other. i also just thought if the worst does come to the worst, i want my family and friends to know that i died how i lived, you know, having as much fun as i can and making the best out of every situation. i think that picture would be suitable for my epitaph, so it was fine by me. some of the biggest names in rock music cap a tribute to david bowie in new york, the city he made his home for 20 years. debbie harry, cyndi lauper, and michael stipe were among the artists performing bowie's
greatest hits. nick bryant. nick: america has no more prestigious stage than carnegie hall, and last night, fans of david bowie transformed it into something nearing a shrine. >> i am really bummed about his death, but i'm so incredibly happy i got a ticket, and of going to see the show, and it's going to be amazing. >> it's going to be a special night. i know i'm going to cry. >> i think he's watching from wherever he is. i cannot wait to see what they are going to do. nick: the hall where the singer made his debut, stars like cyndi lauper performed a musical memorial. the irony of this tribute concert was that it was planned months before his death. organizers hoped originally that he would appear. likes absence, friends
debbie harry performed his legendary hits. ♪ another memorable moment, "heroes," the song david bowie performed at a 9/11 memorial concert in new york and dedicated to local firefighters. ♪ they could have packed this famous auditorium many times over, and such was the demand for tickets that there will be a second performance later on. david bowie lived in manhattan are proudrs, and we to call ourselves new yorkers. tonight, this city returned that love. nick: it is a place that moves on quickly, but david billy has
bowie has left a permanent mark. here,from all of us thanks for watching and have a lovely weekend. make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. national geographic channel and aruba tourism authority. >> i have always been fascinated by god. why do people all around the world worship their god so differently? i'm setting off on a journey and
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, leaders from around the globe conclude a summit on keeping nuclear material out of the hands of terrorists. two of the nation's largest states raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour. then, ahead of next week's primary, a look at a new voter i.d. law-- a newshour report from on the ground in wisconsin. >> we don't think it's unreasonable to take some precautions to assure people won't cheat. >> woodruff: and it's friday. mark shields and david brooks are here, to analyze the week's news. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.